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Surveying for Construction by William Irvine: A Comprehensive Guide for Engineering Students
If you are an engineering student who wants to learn about surveying for construction, you might be interested in reading Surveying for Construction by William Irvine. This book is a comprehensive resource that covers the essential concepts, methods, instruments, applications, and examples of land and construction surveying. In this article, we will give you an overview of what this book is about, why it is useful, and how you can download it as a PDF file.
What is surveying for construction?
Surveying for construction is the process of measuring, mapping, recording, analyzing, and presenting the shape, size, position, elevation, features, boundaries, and ownership of land or property. It is also the process of transferring the design from the plan to the ground for construction purposes. Surveying for construction is an essential part of civil engineering projects such as buildings, bridges, roads, railways, tunnels, dams, canals, pipelines, etc.
Why is surveying for construction important?
Surveying for construction is important because it helps to:
Plan and design civil engineering projects according to the site conditions, specifications, standards, codes, regulations, safety, economy, aesthetics, etc.
Establish and mark the control points, reference lines, and boundaries on the ground for construction works.
Set out the alignment, level, shape, size, and position of the structures and facilities on the ground according to the design.
Monitor and control the quality, accuracy, and progress of the construction works.
Verify and document the as-built conditions of the completed works.
Provide legal evidence of the ownership, rights, and responsibilities of the land or property.
Who is William Irvine and what is his book about?
William Irvine is a former lecturer in surveying at Glasgow Caledonian University, Scotland. He has over 40 years of experience in teaching and practicing surveying for construction. He is also the author of several books and papers on surveying topics.
His book, Surveying for Construction, is a popular textbook that has been used by many engineering students and professionals since its first edition in 1980. The book is now in its fifth edition, published in 2006, and co-authored by Finlay Maclennan. The book has 14 chapters that cover the following topics:
This chapter introduces the basic concepts and principles of surveying, such as accuracy, precision, errors, units, measurements, calculations, etc. It also explains the types and methods of surveying, such as plane surveying, geodetic surveying, topographic surveying, cadastral surveying, engineering surveying, etc. It also describes the instruments and equipment used in surveying, such as tapes, rods, levels, compasses, theodolites, total stations, GPS receivers, etc.
Understanding Maps and Plans
This chapter teaches how to read and interpret maps and plans that show the graphical representation of the land or property. It also discusses the types and scales of maps and plans, such as large-scale maps, small-scale maps, site plans, layout plans, working plans, etc. It also explains the coordinate systems and projections used in maps and plans, such as Cartesian coordinates, polar coordinates, geographic coordinates, UTM coordinates, Mercator projection, Lambert projection, etc.
This chapter demonstrates how to measure horizontal distances and directions on the ground using various techniques. It also covers chain surveying and taping methods that use chains or tapes to measure distances along straight lines. It also addresses the errors and corrections that may occur in linear surveying due to various factors such as temperature, tension, sagging, obstacles, etc.
This chapter illustrates how to measure vertical distances and elevations on the ground using different methods. It also covers levelling methods that use levels or instruments that measure horizontal angles to determine heights or differences in heights. It also deals with the errors and corrections that may arise in levelling due to various factors such as refraction, curvature of the earth, instrument errors, etc.
This chapter teaches how to draw cross-sections of the land surface using the data obtained from levelling or contouring. It also discusses the types and uses of vertical sections for various purposes such as showing the profile of the land surface, calculating earthwork quantities, designing road gradients, etc. It also explains the methods of vertical sectioning such as direct method, indirect method, graphical method, etc.
Theodolites and Total Stations
This chapter demonstrates how to measure horizontal and vertical angles on the ground using various instruments. It also covers the types and parts of theodolites and total stations that are commonly used for angle measurement. It also describes the operations and adjustments of theodolites and total stations such as centering, leveling, setting up, reading, etc.
This chapter illustrates how to establish a network of control points on the ground using traverse surveys. It also explains the types and methods of traverse surveys such as open traverse, closed traverse, link traverse, polygonal traverse, etc. It also covers the computations and adjustments of traverse surveys such as distance calculation, angle calculation, coordinate calculation, error detection, error correction, etc.
Global Positioning System (GPS)
This chapter introduces how to use satellite-based technology for surveying purposes. It also explains the principles and components of GPS such as satellites, receivers, signals, codes, etc. It also discusses the applications and limitations of GPS in surveying such as accuracy, availability, reliability, cost, etc.
This chapter shows how to collect and record detailed information about the land surface features such as buildings, trees, roads, fences, etc. It also covers the types and methods of detail survey such as radiation survey, intersection survey, offset survey, etc. It also presents and analyzes the detail survey data using various techniques such as sketches, plans, tables, charts, etc.
such as chord method, tangent method, offset method, etc.
Setting Out Construction Works
This chapter demonstrates how to transfer the design from the plan to the ground for construction purposes. It also covers the principles and procedures of setting out construction works such as planning, preparation, execution, verification, etc. It also gives examples of setting out construction works for buildings, bridges, tunnels, etc. using various methods such as grid lines, offsets, angles, coordinates, etc.
Mensuration - Areas
This chapter shows how to calculate the areas of various shapes and figures on the ground or on the plan using different formulas and methods. It also covers the types and formulas of areas such as rectangles, triangles, trapezoids, circles, sectors, polygons, irregular shapes, etc. It also explains the methods of area calculation such as direct method, graphical method, planimeter method, etc.
Mensuration - Volumes
This chapter illustrates how to calculate the volumes of various solids and materials on the ground or on the plan using different formulas and methods. It also covers the types and formulas of volumes such as prisms, pyramids, cylinders, cones, spheres, earthworks, concrete, etc. It also discusses the methods of volume calculation such as direct method, graphical method, cross-section method, prismoidal formula method, etc.
Surveys of Existing Buildings
, condition survey, etc. It also describes the instruments and techniques used for surveys of existing buildings such as tapes, levels, plumb bobs, lasers, cameras, etc.
In conclusion, Surveying for Construction by William Irvine is a comprehensive guide for engineering students who want to learn about surveying for construction. The book covers the essential concepts, methods, instruments, applications, and examples of land and construction surveying. The book is written in a clear and concise style, with numerous illustrations, exercises, and case studies. The book is also available as a PDF file that can be downloaded from various sources online.
Here are some frequently asked questions about surveying for construction and the book by William Irvine:
Q: What are the benefits of surveying for construction?
, accuracy, and progress of the construction works. It also helps to verify and document the as-built conditions of the completed works. It also helps to provide legal evidence of the ownership, rights, and responsibilities of the land or property.
Q: What are the skills and qualifications required for surveying for construction?
A: Surveying for construction requires a combination of technical, practical, and interpersonal skills. Some of the technical skills include mathematics, geometry, trigonometry, physics, engineering, computer, etc. Some of the practical skills include measurement, observation, recording, analysis, presentation, etc. Some of the interpersonal skills include communication, teamwork, problem-solving, decision-making, etc. Surveying for construction also requires a formal education and training in surveying or related fields. Some of the qualifications include diplomas, degrees, certificates, licenses, etc.
Q: How can I download Surveying for Construction by William Irvine as a PDF file?
A: Surveying for Construction by William Irvine is available as a PDF file that can be downloaded from various sources online. Some of the sources include:
, please use the PDF file responsibly and ethically.
Q: What are some other books or resources on surveying for construction?
A: Surveying for Construction by William Irvine is not the only book or resource on surveying for construction. There are many other books or resources that cover different aspects, levels, and perspectives of surveying for construction. Some of them include:
Basic Engineering Surveying by Roy Frankel and W. Schofield
Construction Surveying and Layout by Wesley G. Crawford
Engineering Surveying by W. Schofield and M. Breach
Fundamentals of Surveying by S.K. Roy
Surveying for Engineers by J. Uren and W.F. Price
Surveying: Principles and Applications by Barry F. Kavanagh and Tom Mastin
Surveying: Theory and Practice by James M. Anderson and Edward M. Mikhail
Q: How can I improve my skills and knowledge in surveying for construction?
A: Reading books or resources on surveying for construction is not enough to improve your skills and knowledge in surveying for construction. You also need to practice and apply what you learn in real-life situations and projects. You also need to keep yourself updated with the latest developments and trends in surveying for construction. You also need to seek feedback and guidance from experts and mentors in surveying for construction. You also need to join professional associations and networks in surveying for construction. You also need to pursue further education and training in surveying for construction. 71b2f0854b